What are the Types of Sentences based on Function?

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Introduction to the 4 types of sentences based on function:

Other than classifying sentences based on structure, sentences are divided into different forms based on functions. There are four types of sentences in this regard – declarative sentence, interrogative sentence, exclamatory sentence, and imperative sentence. Different types of sentences have different forms and rules. Let us start discussing one by one. 

Declarative Sentence:

In short, declarative sentences convey a straightforward thought or idea. Declarative sentences must end with a full-stop or period. The declarative sentence conveys a declaration, unlike an inquiry, an exclamation, or an order. Declarative sentences are the most common sentence form. The subject must be placed prior to the verb in declarative sentences. 

Some examples are as follows:

Nikita is a great dancer. 

Robin asked his friend about the exam date. 

She is not happy with her performance. 

They went to eat in a newly-opened restaurant. 

Interrogative Sentence:

Interrogative sentences are all about asking questions. That is why these sentences conclude with a question mark (?). Moreover, interrogative sentences do not imply any declaration or statement. 

Besides, it does not convey any command as well as an exclamation. The interrogative sentence is reverse to the declarative sentence in terms of the structure. You need to place the verb or verb phrase prior to the subject. 

Some examples:

Are you available tomorrow for the site visit?

Do you prefer espresso?

Is Nikita going to the picnic tomorrow? 

WH-questions are also an integral part of the interrogative sentence. The subject remains unknown in such questions. And you must add one of the question words to make a sentence a WH-question. Such question words include where, what, how, when, why, and who. 

Another type of interrogative sentence comes as yes/no questions. 

Is there any scope to restart the manufacturing process from the beginning?

Imperative Sentence

The imperative sentence can take various forms. It can convey a command, an instruction, or a request. Most of the imperative sentences do not make the subjects visible. Besides, the verb remains as it is that means without any endings. The understanding of the subject is left to the reader. 

Imperative sentences can be of various lengths. For instance, an imperative sentence can come with one single word (“Go”). The imperative sentence concludes with a period or full-stop or even an exclamation mark. 

Some examples:

Please pass the casserole to Nikita. (Request)

Keep a routine for your day-to-day study. (Instruction)

Do not go outside before the rain stops. (Command)

Will you remind me of the appointment tomorrow? (Question in the form of a request)

Do not waste your time; keep improving your skills to boost your career. 

Exclamatory Sentence

The exclamation sign (!) is the key recognizable trait of an exclamatory sentence also called exclamation). These sentences imply a powerful emotion, which can be of different types. In short, the exclamatory sentence comes as a stronger version of the declarative sentence. 

The common uses of exclamatory sentences can be seen in informal correspondence (texts or emails) and advertisements. Business write-ups see a rare usage of these sentences. 

The exclamatory sentence is used to emphasize a concept by conveying strong emotion. It is not the right way to add an exclamation mark at the end of the declarative sentence to just convey an emotion. Otherwise, readers could ask questions about the sentence structuring skills and writing skills of the respective writer. 

Some people may tend to use the exclamation mark here and there. And it could become a habit sooner. Therefore, it is essential to write correct exclamatory sentences from the beginning. 

About Elliptical Exclamatory Sentences

It is common to make an exclamatory sentence short by eliminating the verb from the sentence. Theoretically, a sentence without a verb cannot be a sentence. However, the short versions of exclamations have become quite common and popular in the English language. 

Some examples:

Long Form (Sentence): What a beautiful flower it is! 

Short Form: What a beautiful flower! 

Long Form: How spacious your hall is! 

Short Form: How spacious! 

Long Form: What a charming place it is! 

Short Form: What a charming place! 

Roles Of The Exclamatory Sentence 

Exclamatory sentences help to convey a strong emotion or opinion regarding a situation. When it comes to day-to-day situations, exclamations are used after a thorough analysis of a situation. 

Let us check out the following examples: 

Exclamatory Sentence: What a beautiful dance performance she has given!

The Speaker’s Analysis: She has given a very beautiful dance performance!

Exclamatory Sentence: How mesmerizing the vacation was! 

The Speaker’s Analysis: The vacation was very mesmerizing! 

Exclamatory Sentence & Interjections

The exclamatory sentence can also come with an interjection to strengthen the meaning of the sentence. The interjection is placed at the beginning of the sentence. 

Some examples:

Wow! What an elegant decoration the place has!

Oh, how we miss our golden childhood days!

Hey! What a genius you are! 

Now, you are well familiar with the types of sentences based on functions. 

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